Wednesday, August 31, 2005

சனசமூக நிலைய நூலகங்கள்---


சனசமூக நிலைய நூலகங்கள்
: சமூக மேம்பாட்டின் குவி மையங்கள் - 1






gFjp - 1
kdpjd; :-
     ,aw;if vd;Dk; gue;j tpisepyj;jpy; cUthfp> ,aw;ifAld; ,ire;J NghfTk;> jdJ gFj;jwptpd; Jiznfhz;L rpyrkak; ,aw;ifiaj; jdf;F ,irthf;fTk; Mw;wy; ngw;w ,dk; vd;w tifapy; ,t;Tyfpy; thOk; caphpdq;fSf;Fs; caHthd XH caphp. ,aw;ifapd; Mw;wy;fSf;F vy;iy fhzKbahjJ Nghd;Nw kdpjdJ Mw;wy;fSf;;Fk; vy;iy fhzKbahJ  vd;gij epj;jKk; czHj;jpf;nfhz;bUg;gtd;. md;G> ,uf;fk;> fUiz> ghrk;> fhjy;> <LghL> khpahij> gf;jp Nghd;w cahpa kdpjg; gz;Gfis jd;dfj;Nj nfhz;likahy; kdpjd; vd miof;fg;gLgtd;. mNjrkak; Vkhw;wq;fspd;ghw;gl;L Nfhgk;> ntWg;G> FNuhjk; Nghd;w vjpHkiwg; ngWkhdq;fSf;F ,yFthf Ml;glf;$batd;. rpW KfkyHr;rpapy; fz;fspd; ghtj;jpy;> ,Nyrhd jiyairg;gpy;$l jdJ czHTfisj; Jy;ypakhf ntspg;gLj;jj; njhpe;jtd;. fz;lit> Nfl;lit> gbj;jit> czHe;jit vd Gyd;fshy; ngw;w mwpit GyDf;F Gwk;ghf cs;s gFj;jwptpd; Jiznfhz;L myrp Muha;e;J> xg;GNehf;fp> cz;ik fz;L> Gjpa fUj;Jf;fis cUthf;fp> mtw;iw NkYk; Ma;Tnra;J rhpghHj;J> Nfhl;ghL fz;L> rl;lkhf;fp cyif topelj;Jk; Mw;wy; ngw;wtd; vd;gjhy; kdpjDf;F epfH kdpjNd. kdpjd; kdpjdhf tho;tjw;F mtDf;F ,d;wpaikahjjhf ,Ug;gJ mwpT.

r%fk;........
kdpjd; jdpj;J ,aq;fKbahj xU r%fg; gpuhzp. mtdJ Njitfs; tiuaWf;fg;gl KbahjsTf;F vz;zpiwe;jit. NkLk; gs;sKk;> fw;fSk; Kl;fSk;> ntspr;rKk; ,Ul;Lk; epiwe;j tho;f;ifg; ghijapy; jdpj;J eilNghLk; Mw;wy; kdpjDf;F ,y;iy. #oYf;F jd;id rhpnra;J nfhs;shj vJTNk epiynfhs;tJ fbdk; vd;gij czHe;J> mjw;fikaf; $b thOk; gz;G nfhz;ltd;. Njitfisg; G+Hj;jpnra;Ak; nghUl;L gyiuAk; ehlNtz;ba epHg;ge;jk; kdpjDf;F Vw;gLk;NghJ mJ kdpj r%fj;jpd; cUthf;fj;Jf;F toptFf;fpd;wJ. jd;idr; Rw;wpAs;sitfs; kPjhd mtjhdpg;GfSk;> mt; mtjhdpg;Gfisg; ghpNrhjidf;Fs;shf;fp jPHT fhzKaYk; kdpj %isapd; Mw;wYNk kdpjFy tsHr;rpf;F mbg;gilahf ,Ug;gjdhy; r%fk; vd;gJ jdpkdpjDf;Fk; Kw;gl;lJ. xUtUld; xUtH fye;J> ,ize;J vy;NyhUf;Fk; nghJthd rpy Nehf;fq;fis miltjw;fhf $br; nraw;gLk; gy kdpjHfspd; $l;Nl r%fk; vd;fpwhH fpl;bq;];[Giddings] vd;w mwpQH.  ~ghJfhg;G> Gjpa mDgtq;fisg; ngwy;> gpwuJ J}z;ly;fSf;F Vw;g elj;jy;> gpwH jk;ikg;Nghy; xUtuhf vk;ik Vw;Wf;nfhs;sy;  Mfpa ehd;F Cf;fpfNs r%fj; njhlHGfSf;F mbg;gil~ vd;fpwhH Njhk]; vd;w mwpQH. xU kdpjdpd; KO tsHr;rpf;Fk; r%fk; ,d;wpaikahjJ. czT> cil> ciwAs; Nghd;w cly; NjitfSk;> md;G Nghd;w csj;NjitfSk;> ghJfhg;G> nghOJNghf;F Nghd;w r%fj; NjitfSk; epiwT ngWtjw;F r%f thof;if kdpjDf;F mtrpakhdJ.

kdpjDk; r%fKk; :-
     xU kdpjdpd; KO tsHr;rpf;F r%fk; ,d;wpaikahjJ. kuG> taJ> gapw;rp> #oy; vd;gd kdpj cUthf;fj;Jf;F Kf;fpa gq;F tfpf;fpd;wd. gpwg;ghy; tpyq;fhf ,Uf;Fk; kdpjd; kdpjdhf thHf;fg;gLtJ FLk;gk; vd;w mr;rpy; jhd.; kdpjd; re;jpf;fpd;w KjyhtJ cwthd jha; Nra; cwT kdpjDf;F jd;DzHitAk;> jd;idr; Rw;wpAs;s $l;lhspfspd; cwT r%f czHitAk; Njhw;Wtpf;fpwJ. r%fj;jpd; tsk;> r%fj;jpd; kuG> r%fj;jpd; Njitfs;> r%fj;jpd; #oy; vd;gtw;wpd; mbg;gilapNyNa kdpjdpd; Kd;Ndw;wk; jq;fpAs;sJ. mNjrkak; jdpj;jd;ik kpf;f kdpjHfs; ,d;wp r%fk; Nt&d;wp epiyj;J epw;fKbahJ. jdpkdpj tsHr;rpia r%f Kd;Ndw;wj;jpdpd;Wk; gphpf;fKbahjsTf;F mit neUq;fpg; gpd;dpg; gpize;jpUf;fpd;wd. vdNt kdpjdpd;wp r%fkpy;iy. r%fkpd;wp kdpjg; gz;Gs;s kdpjd; ,y;iy.

r%fKk; gz;ghLk;:-
kdpjdJ FO tho;f;ifapdpd;Wk; vOtJ gz;ghL. vdNt r%fk; vd;gJ gz;ghL ,d;wp epiynfhs;s KbahjJ. ~ve;jnthU kf;fs; FOtpYk; cs;s kf;fspdJk; tho;f;ifKiw> goFk;tpjk;> Vida kf;fs; FOTld; goFk;jd;ik> mtu;fspd; nkhop> vz;zq;fis ntspg;gLj;Jtjw;F mk;nkhopiag; gad;gLj;Jk;tpjk;> nghUl;fs; fUtpfis cUthf;Fk;Kiw> mtw;iwg; gad;gLj;Jk;Kiw> mtu;fspd; rpe;jidfs; midj;JNk gz;ghL vd;gjw;Fs; cs;slq;Fk;! vd;fpwhu; Nghy; rpau;]; vd;w mwpQu;.
gz;ghL capu;tho;tjw;F gpd;tUk; %d;W mk;rq;fSf;fpilapy; ,irTj;jd;ik mtrpakhFk;
1.  fw;Nfhlup Kjw; nfhz;L ,d;iwa fzpdp tiu kdpjdhy; cUthf;fg;gl;l ngsjpf cgfuzq;fs;. gz;ghl;bd; Kjpu;r;rpahdJ ,t; cgfuzq;fspd; gue;j gad;ghl;bdhy; msf;fg;gLfpwJ. fUtpfs; tsu;tjw;fika mjidg; gad;gLj;Jtjw;fhd mwpTk; tsu Ntz;Lk;.
2.  fz;Lgpbf;fg;gLk; xt;nthU fUtpAk; vt;thW> ve;jstpw;F> vd;d Nehf;fj;Jf;F gadgLj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ njhlu;ghf r%f cWg;gpdu;fspilNa cUthf;fg;gLk; Nfhl;ghLfs; ek;gpf;iffs;> mDgtq;fs;> fl;Lf;fijfs;> Gidfijfs;> fw;gid cUthf;fq;fs; midj;Jk; xd;wpize;j mwpT vd;Dk; Gyikj;Jtk;. ,e;j Gyikj;Jtj;jpypUe;J ngwg;gLfpd;w jj;Jtk; xU kdpjid ,d;ndhU kdpjDld; njhlu;GgLj;JtJld; cyfk; vq;fZk; njhlu;GgLj;Jfpd;wJ
3.  ,tw;iwr; nraYUg;gLj;Jfpd;w> gz;ghl;Lf;F ajhu;j;jj;ijj; jUfpd;w r%f epWtdq;fs;. cgfuzq;fisg; gadgLj;Jtjw;F r%f cWg;gpdu;fshy; xd;W jpul;lg;gl;l mwpT vd;Dk; ,e;j Gyikj;JtNk kf;fspd; eilKiwfs; gof;f tof;fq;fshf cUthfp epWtdq;fspD}lhf nraYUg; ngw;W r%f elj;ijahf cUthfpwJ. ve;jnthU rkaj;jpYk; ,e;j Gyikj;JtkhdJ ngsjpf cgfuzq;fspy; fl;Lg;ghl;il Vw;gLj;Jk;. r%f epWtdq;fspd; vy;iyg; gug;igAk; tiuaWf;Fk;.


Nkw;$wpa %d;W mk;rq;fSk; xd;Wld; xd;W ,ire;J Nghtjd; %yNk gz;ghL vd;gJ capu; tho KbAk;.

r%f epWtdq;fs;
r%fk; jdpkdpju;fs; Nru;e;J cUthf;fg;gl;lJ vdpDk; mJ gyjug;gl;l epWtdq;fspd; fl;likg;ghyhdJ. r%fj;jpd; Njhw;wg;ghLfs;> kuGfs; >Kiwrhu;e;j fl;likg;Gfs; vd;gtw;wpd; njhFg;Ng r%f epWtdq;fs; MFk;. jdpkdpju; xt;nthUtUk; ngw;Nwhuhf> Mrpupauhf> njhopyhspahf> njhopy; Kaw;rpahsuhf> r%f Nritahsuhf vd gyjug;gl;l tifapy; ,e; epWtdq;fspy; jkJ gq;if Mw;Wfpd;wdu;. kdpjupd; Njitiag; G+u;j;jpnra;antd kdpjuhy; cUthf;fg;gl;l ,e;epWtdq;fs; ,d;W r%f cWg;gpdu;fs; kPJ jkJ tpUg;gq;fis mKy;gLj;Jfpd;w xU fUtpahf tsu;e;jJ kl;Lkd;wp> ,tw;wpy; rpy jkJ r%fj;jpd; gug;ngy;iyf;Fk; mg;ghy; nrd;W Vida r%fq;fisAk; fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; mstpw;F ghupa rf;jpfshfTk; cUntLj;jpUf;fpd;wd.
r%f  epWtdq;fspd;  Mjhu[primary] epWtdq;fshff; fUjg;gLgit FLk;gk;> $l;lhspf;FO> Rw;Wg;Gwr; rKjhak; vd;w %d;WNk. ,it r%f cWg;gpdhpilNa KOf;f KOf;f Neubj; njhlHigg; NgZgit. kdpj Fyj;jpd; Muk;g fl;lq;fspNyNa ,e;j Mjhu epWtdq;fs; Njhw;wk; ngwj; njhlq;fptpl;ld. ghlrhiyfs;> kj epWtdq;fs; Nghd;wit Neubj; njhlHigAk;> kiwKfj; njhlHigAk; NgZfpd;w ,ilepiy[Intermediate] epiyaq;fshff; fUjg;gLfpd;wd. Kw;wpYk; kiwKfj; njhlHigg; NgZfpd;w muR> njhlHG rhjdq;fs; Nghd;wit topepiy[Secondary] epiyaq;fs; vdf; $wg;gLfpd;wd. kdpj tho;tpd; xt;nthU tsHr;rpg;gbapYk; ,r; r%f epWtdq;fspd; nry;thf;F msg;ghpajhFk;. fUtiw njhlq;fp fy;yiwtiu xt;nthU tsHr;rpg;gbapYk; nry;thf;Fr; nrYj;Jk; typikkpf;f ,r; r%f epWtdq;fspd; msT> jd;ik> Mjpf;fk; vd;gtw;wpD}lhf xU r%fj;jpd; jd;ikiaAk;> mjd; rpf;fy; tha;e;j mikg;igAk; ,dq;fz;Lnfhs;s KbAk;. ,jpypUe;J jdpkdpj tsHr;rpf;Fk;> r%f tsHr;rpf;Fk; mbg;gil ,r; r%f epWtdq;fNs vd;gJ njspT.

rdr%f epiyaq;fs;
     xU Fwpg;gpl;l ,lj;jpy; neUq;fpr; NrHe;J trpf;Fk; gy FLk;gq;fs; jkf;Fs; vz;zq;fs;> Fwpf;Nfhs;fs;> gof;f tof;fq;fs;> tho;f;if Kiwfs;> njhopy;fs; Nghd;w VjhtJ xd;wpNyh my;yJ gytw;wpNyh rpy nghJg; gz;Gfisf; nfhz;bUf;Fkhapd; mJ Rw;Wg;Gwr; r%fk; vd;w Mjhu epWtdkhf cUg;ngWfpwJ. ,e;j Mjhu epWtdj;jpypUe;J Nrit kdg;ghd;ik kpf;f cWg;gpdH jkf;Fs; xd;WNrHe;J jkJ kf;fSf;F Nrit Ghptjw;nfd cUthf;Fk; epiyaq;fNs rdr%f epiyaq;fshFk;. kdpjH xUtUf;nfhUtH cjTtjw;Fk;> cwT nfhz;lhLtjw;Fk; Njhoik nfhs;tjw;Fk;> xd;wpize;J nraw;gLtjw;Fk; jkf;Fs; Neubj; njhlHigg; NgZfpd;w rpwpa vz;zpf;ifAs;s cWg;gpdHfisf; nfhz;l mikg;Ng rdr%f epiyaq;fshFk;. ,it tptrha rKjhaq;fshfNth> flw;njhopiy rpwg;ghff; nfhz;l flw;njhopy; rKjhaq;fshfNth my;yJ njhopw;Jiwr; rKjhaq;fshfNth ,Uf;f KbAk;. kdpj tho;tpd; ngUk;gFjp Rw;wg;Gwr; r%fk; vd;w tl;lj;Jf;Fs;NsNa fopfpd;wJ. kdpjg; gz;Gfis tpUj;jp nra;Ak; ,j;jifa Mjhu epiyaq;fis kdpjg;gz;Gfspd; tsHg;Gg; gz;izfs; vd r%ftpayhsH miof;fpd;wdH.

      
gFjp - 11

,d;iwa kdpjDk; r%fKk;
     ,d;iwa r%fk; jfty; r%fk; vdg;gLfpwJmwpNt Mw;wy; vd;w Nfh\k; Kd;itf;fg;gl;l ifj;njhopy; r%fj;jpypUe;J jftNy Mw;wy; vd Koq;Fk; jfty; r%fj;jpy; ehk; tho;fpd;Nwhk;. FLk;gk;> Rw;Wg;Gw r%fk;> fpuhkk; Nghd;wtw;wpd; tiuaiwfs; cyff; fpuhkk; vd;w fUj;J epiyf;Fs; jkJ jdpj;Jtj;ij nky;y nky;y ,oe;J tUfpd;wd. cyfpd; Ntfj;NjhL xl;b XlNtz;ba epHg;ge;jk; kdpjDf;F ,Ug;gjhy; gk;gu Ntfj;jpy; RoYk; ,d;iwa cyfpy; kdpjdpd; cjLfs; mjpfk; cr;rhpf;Fk; thHj;ij Neukpy;iy vd;gNj. Neukpy;yhj cyfpy; jd;DzHitAk;> r%f czHitAk; jf;fitg;gjw;F ghhpa gpuaj;jdk; Njit. rhjidg; gbfspd; cr;rpapy; epw;Fk; kdpjdhy; kdpjd; jiyia epkpHj;Jk; jlitfis tpl mk;kdpjdhy; cUthf;fptplg;gl;l r%f> nghUshjhu> murpay;> fyhr;rhu Vw;wj;jho;Tfspd; mghafukhd tpisTfis re;jpj;Jf;nfhz;bUf;Fk; kdpj r%fj;ijg; ghHj;J kdpjd; jiyFdpAk; jlitfs; mjpfkhdit.

     md;G> ghJfhg;G> gu];gu cwT vd;gtw;wpd; mbg;gilapy; cUthd FLk;gk; vd;w Mjhu epWtdk; ,d;W mtw;iw Gwe;js;sp gzj;Jf;Fk; me;j];J kpf;f njhopypw;Fk; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLf;Fk; epWtdkhf khwpf;nfhz;L tUfpwJ. ijhpak;> gw;WWjp> gue;j kdg;ghq;F> nghJeyg; gz;G Nghd;wtw;iw tsHg;gjw;F cjTk; tpisahl;Lf; FOf;fSld; Foe;ijfs; nrytpl;l fhyk; khwp> jdpahH fy;tp epiyaq;fspy; $Ljyhd Neuk; Klf;fg;gl vQ;rpAs;s Neuj;jpy; fzdp tpisahl;Lf;fSk;> tpahghu hPjpahd tHj;jf ikaq;fSk; Kf;fpag;gLj;jg ;gLtjdhy; Foe;ijfis gpujhd mq;fj;jtuhf nfhz;l tpisahl;Lf;FO vd;w tYkpf;f Mjhu epWtdk; efHg;Gw r%fq;fspy; nky;y nky;y kiwe;Jnfhz;L NghfpwJ. tho;f;ifg; gbg;ig Gwe;js;sp Vl;Lg;gbg;Gf;F mjpf Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLf;Fk; ghlrhiy vd;w epWtdk;> tpUk;gj;jfhj kdntOr;rpfis kdpjhplk; Fwpg;ghf Foe;ijfsplk; J}z;btpLk; jpiug;gl Clfq;fs;> epd;W epjhdpj;J rpe;jpj;Jg; ghHj;J nraw;gl Neukw;w gk;gu cyfpy; njhif hPjpahfTk; juhPjpahfTk; ngUj;Jf;nfhz;L NghFk; jfty; nts;sj;Jf;Fs; ey;yij> nghUj;jkhdij njhpT nra;tjw;fhd NeuNkh> nghWikNah> mwpNth mw;w kdpj r%fk; ,g;gb ,d;iwa r%fj;jpd; vjpHf;fzpag; Nghf;if tpthpj;Jf;nfhz;Nl Nghfyhk;.

cyfk; fpuhkkhf RUq;fptUk; ,d;iwa fhyj;jpy; xt;nthU r%fKk; jkJ jdpj;jd;ikia ntspf;nfhzHtjw;F jk;khyhd tifapy; Kaw;rp nra;fpd;wd. nfhba tpyq;FfsplkpUe;J jd;idg; ghJfhf;f> $b tho Kw;gl;l kdpj r%fk; ,d;W kdpjHfsplkpUe;J jk;ikg; ghJfhf;fNtz;ba jd;ikf;F js;sg;gl;bUf;fpwJ. typaJ nkypaij eRf;Fk; vd;w  ,aw;ifapd; tpjp kdpjDf;F tpjptpyf;fhdnjhd;wy;y. vdNt eRf;fg;gLk; r%fk; jd;id fhj;Jf;nfhs;sTk;> jdpj;jd;ikia Ngzpf;nfhs;sTk; r%f Nkk;ghL mtrpakhdJ

r%f Nkk;ghL

r%f Nkk;ghL vd;gJ r%fj;jpd; eyid Nkk;gLj;Jk;  nghUl;L  r%fj;jpd; Mjhu epWtdkhd  FLk;gk; vd;w epWtdk; KOikahd tsHr;rp ngwTk;> FLk;gj;jpd; cWg;gpduhd jdpkdpjH xt;nthUtUk; jd;dpiwTk; jpUg;jpAk; ngwTk; Ntz;ba tha;g;ig Vw;gLj;jpj; jUtij Nehf;fkhff; nfhz;lJ. jdpkdpj tsHr;rpf;F mwpT ve;jsTf;F mbg;gilahf cs;sNjh r%f tsHr;rpf;Fk; mbg;gil mwpNt. tptrhaj;ij Kjd;ikahff; nfhz;l epygpuGj;Jt r%fnkhd;wpy; tug;Gau vd;w xw;iwr; nrhy;ypd; %yNk r%fj;jpd; Nkk;ghl;Lf;F coTj;njhopypd; mtrpaj;ij  mt;itf;fpotp ntspf;nfhzHe;jJ Nghd;W> jftiy Kjd;ikahff; nfhz;l ,d;iwa r%fj;jpy; mwpTau” vd;w xw;iwr; nrhy;ypd; %yk; jdp kdpj mwpT FLk;gj;jpd; Nkk;ghl;ilAk;; FLk;g cWg;gpdu;fsJ Nkk;ghL Rw;Wg;Gwr; r%fj;jpd; Nkk;ghL; mjd; topapy; r%f Nkk;ghl;ilAk;; vt;thW tsu;f;f KbAk;; vd;gij ntspf;nfhzu KbAk;.;.

     ve;jnthU r%fKk;. r%f> nghUshjhuj; Jiwfspy; Kd;Ndw Ntz;Lkhapd; gpw ehLfspy; jq;fpapUf;Fk; epiykhwp  ehl;bd; ,aw;if tsq;fSk; kdpj tsq;fSk; G+uzkhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk; nghJ kf;fspd; eyidAk; tsu;r;rpiaAk; mjpfupf;f cjTk;tifapy; mt;tsq;fisg; gadgLj;jp mjpf nghUl;fis cw;gj;jp nra;tJk; rpwe;j Nritia mspg;gJNk mgptpUj;jpapd; Kf;fpa Nehf;fkhFk;. ve;jnthU mgptpUj;jp Kaw;rpapd; ,yf;F kdpjNd. mgtpUj;jpf;fhd fUtpAk; kdpjNd. mgptpUj;jpapd; fu;j;jhTk; kdpjNd. kdpjDf;fhf kdpjidf; nfhz;L kdpjdhy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; nraw;ghLfNs mgptpUj;jpiaj; jUk;.

    
vq;fpUe;J njhlq;fyhk;?

.r%f Nkk;ghl;il vq;fpUe;J njhlq;fyhk; vd;w tpdh vOg;gg;gLk;NghJ ehl;L kf;fspy; Kf;fhw; gFjpf;F mjpfkhf trpg;gJ fpuhkq;fspy;jhd; vd;gjw;fika fpuhkk; Njrj;jpd; mgptpUj;jpia mstpLtjw;fhd rpwe;j msTNfhyhf nghUspay; ty;YdHfs; fz;ldH. Mdhy; cyfkakhf;fy;> efukakhf;fy;> Nghd;w rpe;jidfs; fhuzkhf  fpuhkk;  vd;w fUj;Jepiy nky;y nky;y jdJ tiuaiwfis ,oe;J tUtJk; fpuhkkh my;yJ efukh vd;W njspthf tiuaWf;f Kbahjgb ,uz;Lk; nfl;lhd; epiyapy; fpuhkq;fs; ,Ug;gJk; ,jd;fhuzkhf gl;bd rigfs;> fpuhk rigfs; vd;gd ,y;yhky; Mf;fg;gl;L ,uz;ilAk; ,izj;J gpuNjr rigfs; cUthf;fg;gl;bUg;gJk; fpuhkj;jpYk; ghHf;f FWfpa tiunty;iy xd;wpid mgptpUj;jpf;fhd msTNfhyhf njhpT nra;aNtz;ba Njitia cUthf;fpAs;sJ.

     fpuhkq;fis Kd;Ndw;Wtjw;F fpuhk mgptpUj;jpr; rq;fq;fs; mikf;fg;gl;L mjD}lhf r%f nghUshjhu> fy;tp> Rfhjhu> fyhr;rhu mgptpUj;jpia Nkw;nfhs;Sk; eltbf;iffs; gpd;gw;wg;gLfpd;wnjdpDk; fpuhk kf;fspd; czHTG+Htkhd gq;Fgw;wy; ,y;yhj vJTNk mgptpUj;jpia nfhz;LtuhJ vd;gjw;fhd vLj;Jf;fhl;Lfshf ,it fhzg;gLtJ fz;$L. ,j;jifa rq;fq;fs; cs;SH Ra cjtpapNyNa nghpJk; jq;fpapUg;gJk; rdr%fepiyaq;fs;> $l;LwTr; rq;fq;fs;> tptrha rigfs;> ngw;NwhH Mrphpa rq;fq;fs;> rka epiyaq;fs;> kf;fs; rigfs; Nghd;wtw;Wld; njhlHGnfhz;Nl fpuhk mgptpUj;jpia Kd;ndLf;f Ntz;bapUg;gJk;> xU fpuhkkhdJ xd;wpw;F Nkw;gl;l Rw;Wg;Gw rKjhaq;fis cs;slf;fpapUg;gjdhy; ,tHfspilNa fhzg;gLk; r%f nghUshjhu> fyhr;rhu Vw;wj;jho;Tfs; fpuhk mgptpUj;jp vd;w fUj;Jepiyf;F rhpahd gq;fspg;Gr; nra;aKbahj epiyia Vw;gLj;jpAs;sd. vdNt FLk;gj;jpw;F mLj;jjhf Rw;Wg;Gw rKjhaj;jpdpd;Wk; Njhw;wk; ngWk; rdr%f epiyaq;fs; fpuhk mgptpUj;jpf;fhd js ikakhf cUthf;fg;glf;$ba tha;g;G cz;lhfpwJ.

ahu; njhlq;FtJ.?

r%f Nkk;ghl;by; xt;nthU jdpkdpjDf;Fk; gq;Fz;L vd;gJ Vw;fdNt Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUf;fpwJ. Koikahd rKjha <Lghl;bd; %yNk Koikahd rKjha cau;T Vw;gl KbAk;. r%f khw;wj;ij Vw;gLj;Jtjpy; ,isQUf;Fk; taJ te;NjhUf;Fk; ghupa gq;Fz;L. tUq;fhy r%fj;ijj; jhq;fg;NghFk; ,d;iwa Foe;ijfspd; Muha;T+f;fj;Jf;F fskikj;Jf; nfhLj;jy;> ,Wjpf; fhyj;ij mikjpahf fopf;f tpUk;Gfpd;w KjpNahu;fspd; Xa;T Neuj;ijg gads;sjhf;fy;> ,awif nraw;iff; fhuzpfspd; jhf;fj;jhy; cly; csj; jhf;fKw;w r%f cWg;gpdu;fis mutizj;Jf; fhj;jy;> vy;yhtw;Wf;Fk; Nkyhf xt;nthU r%f cWg;gpdupilNaAk; ehk; vd;w czu;itj; Njhw;Wtpg;gjD}lhf r%fj;jpy; jdJ gq;F gw;wpa rpe;jidia cUthf;Fjy; Nghd;w ghupa gzpfis Vw;W elj;Jk; nghWg;G r%fj;jpd; ,isa jiyKiwaplKk; taJ te;jtu;fsplKNk xg;gilf;fg;gl;bUf;fpwJ nghjpe;j. nraY}f;fKk; cw;rhfKk; vijAk; Nfs;tpf;Fl;gLj;Jk; mwpT Ntl;ifAk; kpf;f ,isQu; rKjhaj;jpd; xj;Jiog;Gk;> nghWikAk; mDgt mwpTk; epuk;g;ngw;w taJ te;Njhu;fspd; xj;Jiog;Gk; rupahd tifapy; xd;wpizAk; NghNj r%fj;jpd; ve;j nthU Nehf;fKk; nraYUg;ngWk; tha;g;G cz;lhfpwJ. ,t; tha;g;igf; nfhz;Ls;s xNunahU mikg;G rdr%fepiyakhfNt mika KbAk;.

gFjp -3

vg;gbj; njhlq;FtJ?
r%f Nkk;ghl;il vg;gbj; njhlq;FtJ vd;w tpdh vOg;gg;gLk; NghJ

kdpjnuy;yhk; md;G newp fhz;gjw;Fk;
kNdhghtk; thidg;Nghy; tpuptile;J
jdpkdpj jj;Jtkhk; ,Uisg;Nghf;fp
rfkf;fs; xd;nwd;g Jzu;tjw;Fk;
,dpjpdpjha; vOe;j cau; vz;znky;yhk;
,yFtJ Gytu; jU Rtbr; rhiy
Gdpj Kw;W kf;fs; GJtho;T Ntz;by;
Gj;jfrhiy Ntz;Lk; ehl;by; ahz;Lk;

vd;w Gul;rpf; ftp ghujpjhrdpd; mu;j;jk; nghjpe;j tupfs; ,q;F capu; ngWfpd;wd.
rpije;Jnfhz;L NghFk; kdpjg; gz;ig tpUj;jp nra;tjw;F mbg;gilahf ,Ug;gJ mwpT. njhlHr;rpahd fw;wy; nraw;ghl;bD}lhf xU nghUl;Jiw gw;wp xU kdpjd; %isapy; gjpe;J itj;jpUf;fpd;w my;yJ midj;J kf;fshYk; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; nghUl;L gfpHe;J nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w jftYk; mJ njhlHghd GhpjYk; mwpT vdg;gLfpwJ. ,e;j mwpit mlf;fpf;nfhz;bUg;git E}y;fs;. xU E}yhdJ fy;tpawpT je;J eilKiwepiy njuptpj;J flikfisf; fhl;b> cupikfisr; Nru;j;J> nghUshjhuj;ij tsu;j;J fyhr;rhuj;ijf; fhf;Fk; nraw;gz;Gfs; nfhz;lJ vd;fpwhu; ,e;jpa E}yftpay; tpw;gd;du; Nt. jpy;iyehafk;. xU E}yfj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; E}y;fs; jftiyj; jUgit> kd MWjiyf; nfhLg;git> Gj;Japu;g;G+l;Lgit> mwpitj; jUgit vd gyjug;gl;litahf mikfpd;wd. ,it midj;Jk; fspkz; gjpTfs; Kjw; nfhz;L ,d;iwa fzpdpg; gjpTfs; tiu kdpj tuyhw;Wf; fl;lq;fspy; gy tsu;r;rpg; Nghf;Ffisr; re;jpj;jpUf;fpd;wikia E}yfq;fspy; Ftpe;J fplf;Fk; jfty; rhjdq;fs; %yk; fz;L nfhs;s KbAk;.

E}y;fs; ,Uf;Fk; ,lk; E}yfk;. E}yfq;fis mtw;wpd; Nehf;fj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; fy;tp rhu; E}yfq;fs; nghJ E}yfq;fs; rpwg;G E}yfq;fs; vd %d;W ngUk; gpupthf tifg;gLj;j KbAk;. ,tw;wpy; nghJ E}yfq;fs; kf;fshy; kf;fSf;fhf kf;fNs Kd;dpd;W elj;JtJ nghJ E}yfk; vdg;gLfpwJ. vkJ r%fj;jpy; nghJ E}yfg; gzpia Nkw;nfhs;tjpy; khefurig E}yfq;fs;> gpuNjrrig E}yfq;fs; fpuhk E}yfq;fs; rdr%f epiya E}yfq;fs; vd;gd cs;slq;Ffpd;wd. khefurig gpuNjrrig E}yfq;fspd; gug;ngy;iy tpuptile;jjd; fhuzkhf  r%fj;jpd; midj;J cWg;gpdu;fSk; gadgLj;jf;$batifapy;; xOq;fikg;gjw;F kpfg; nghUj;;jkhd ,lk; rdr%f epiyaq;fspdhy; cUthf;fg;gLk; E}yfq;fshfNt ,Uf;f KbAk;. vdNt rdr%f epiyak; xd;wpd; E}yf cUthf;fkhdJ mwpT gug;Gk; kpfr; rpwe;j rhjdkhf ,Uf;ff;$ba tha;g;Gz;L. ,e;j mwpit ghlrhiyfs; toq;fKbahjh vd;w Nfs;tp vOfpwJ.

ghlrhiyfSk; rdr%f epiyaq;fSk;.

fw;wy; vd;gJ tho;f;ifapdpd;Wk; vOk; xd;W. tho;f;if mDgtq;fspd; xU gFjpia kl;LNk ghlrhiyfs; kdpjDf;F toq;f KbAk;. fy;tp vd;gJ cau;FbapdUf;F kl;LNk nrhe;jkhdJ vd;w fhyfl;lj;jpy; Muk;gpj;j FU Fyf;fy;tp KiwapypUe;J njhlq;fp midtUf;Fk; fy;tp vd;w Nfh\k; Kd;itf;fg;gl;l fhyj;jpy; Muk;gpj;j epWtdkag;gl;l fy;tp Kiwapy; eil gapd;W Foe;ij ikaf;fy;tp vd;w fUj;J epiyf;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLj;J r%f ikaf; fy;tpapy; fy;tpr; rpe;jidfs; midj;Jk; xUKfg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;s ,d;iwa fhy fl;lj;jpy; kdpjid kdpjdhf cUthf;FtNj cz;ikf; fy;tpapd; Nehf;fk; vd;w Rthkp tpNtfhde;jupd; rpe;jid cly; cs;sk; Md;kh vd;gtw;wpd; rpwg;G kpf;f gz;Gfis ntspf; nfhzu cjTtJ fy;tp vd;w fhe;jpapd; rpejid Nghd;w gyjug;gl;l cau; rpe;jidfisAk;> njhopy; Nehf;fk;> mwpT Nehf;fk;> xUikg;ghLila Msikia tsu;j;njLf;Fk;; ,ire;j tsu;r;rp Nehf;fk;> xOf;f Nehf;fk;> Xa;T Nehf;fk;> r%f Nehf;fk; vd gyjug;gl;l Nehf;fq;fisAk; re;jpj;jpUf;Fk; ,d;iwa fy;tp KiwahdJ nraw;ghl;lstpy; nra;Js;s rhjidfs; kpfkpff; FiwT. fy;tpj;jpl;lq;fspy; Vw;gLj;Jk; khw;wq;fspd; Ntfj;Jf;F <L nfhLf;Fk; tifapy; Mrpupau;fSf;fhd gapw;rpNah mtu;fsplk; kdkhw;wj;ijf; nfhz;L tUtjw;fhd J}z;Ljy;fNsh kpff; FiwT. tWik Ntiyapd;ik Nghd;w nghUshjhuf; fhuzpfspd; jhf;fk; kpf mjpfkhf cs;s vkJ Njrj;jpy; fy;tpapd; KO Nehf;fKNk njhopy; Nehf;fkhfNt cs;sJ. Nkiy ehl;L mwptpay; fz;Lgpbg;Gfspd; ghtidahsuhfNt ,Uf;Fk; vkf;F ,f; fz;Lgpbg;Gfis gad;gLj;Jtjw;fhd Njlypy; tho;tpd; ngUk; gFjp fope;J tpl ,f; fz;Lgpbg;Gfspd; cd;ikahd gad;ghL vd;d ,jd; ed;ikfs; jPikfs; Nghd;wtwiw mwptjw;fhd tha;g;Gfis ,oe;J tpLfpd;Nwhk;.

Nghl;b kpf;f njhopy; re;ijapy; epd;Wgpbg;gjw;Nfw;w tifapy; jhd; vkJ efu;Tfs; ,Ug;gjd; fhuzkhf tho;f;ifg; gbg;gpw;fhd fhy mtfhrNkh rpe;jidNah vk;kplk; mUfp tUtNj fz;$L. njhopy; re;ijapy; Nghl;bNghlf;$ba ty;yikiaj; jUk; ghlrhiyfis Nehf;fp jkJ gps;isfis efu;j;Jk; ngw;Nwhu;fs>; ghlrhiyfis ngWNgWfspd; mbg;gilapy; jug;gLj;Jk; fy;tpj;jpl;lq;fs; me;j];J kpf;f tho;f;iff;Fupa %yjdkhff; fy;tpia fUJk; vkJ r%fj;jpd; kdg;ghq;F vd;gd khWk; tiu ghlrhiyfs; r%f ikaf;fy;tpf;Fupa ikaj; jsq;fshf ,Uf;Fk; tha;g;G rhj;jpa kw;wnjhd;whFk;. khwhf njhopy; Nehf;fk; cr;repiyaile;J ehk; vd;w czu;r;rpf;Fg; gjpy; ehd; vd;w czu;T kdpjDf;Fs; NtNuhb jhd; gpwe;j jto;e;j Xbj;jpupe;j kz;izNa kwe;J tpLk; ,ay;igNa ehk; fz;$lhfg; ghu;f;fpNwhk;.

kdpj tho;f;ifapd; ngUk;gFjp FLk;gk; Rw;Wg;Gwr; r%fk; vd;w tl;lj;Jf;Fs;NsNs fopfpwJ. ~Foe;ijapd; Kjy; MW Mz;Lfspd; tho;f;ifia vd;dplk; xg;gilAq;fs; mjw;Fg;gpwF mjd; tho;f;if mikg;ig vg;gbg;gl;ltu;fs; Vw;Wf; nfhs;fpwhu;fs; vd;gijg;gw;wp vdf;F ftiyapy;iy~ vdf; $Wk; ng];lNyhrp vd;w jiyrpwe;j fy;tpahsupd; $w;W kdpj tho;f;ifapy; FLk;gKk; Rw;Wg;Gwr; r%fKk; tfpf;Fk; gq;if njspthff; fhl;lg; NghJkhdJ. vdNt ,tw;Wf;Fs; ,Ue;J cUthf;fg;gLk; rd r%f epiyaq;fs; r%f Nkk;ghl;bd; mbj;jsq;fshf cUthf;fg;gl Ntz;bajd; mtrpak; gw;wpa fUj;JKuz;ghl;bf;F tha;g;gpy;iy vd;Nw $wNtz;Lk;.. mwpTj; Njly; ,q;fpUe;J njhlq;fNtz;Lk;. ghHj;Jr; nra;jy; Foe;ijapd; gpujhd gz;G vd;gjdhy; Njly; czHTf;fhd fsk; ,q;fpUe;J miktNj nghUj;jkhdJ. ghlrhiyf;F nry;tjw;F Kd;Ds;s Foe;ijg; gUtj;jpd; Muha;T+f;fj;jpw;F fsk; mikj;J nfhLf;ff; $ba tha;g;G rdr%f epiyaq;fspdhy; elj;jg;gLk; ghyu;fy;tpAk; rpWtu; E}yfKk; rupahd Kiwapy; nraw;gLtjD}lhf milag;gl KbAk;.

eilKiw epiy

jkJ gyk; jkJ Kf;fpaj;Jtk; vj;jifaJ vd;gJ jkf;Nf njupahj epiyapy;; ,d;iwa rdr%f epiyaq;fs; ,Ug;gijNa ehk; fz;$lhff; fhz;fpNwhk;. ngUk;ghyhd rdr%f epiyaq;fs; XupU gj;jpupiffis thrpg;gjw;fhd thrpfrhiyfshf kl;LNk jkJ gzpiaf; FWf;fp tpLfpd;wd. rpy rdr%f epiyaq;fs; thrpf rhiyAld; ghyu; ghlrhiy tpisahl;Lf; fofk; vd;W Xustpw;F jkJ gzpia tpupTgLj;jpapUf;fpd;wd. Fwpg;gpl;Lr; nrhy;yf;$ba XupU rdr%f epiyaq;fs; kl;Lk; E}yfk; vd;w vz;zf;fUtpw;F XusTf;F tbtk; nfhLj;jpUg;gJld; jw;Nghija jfty; r%fj;jpd; ,U fz;fs; vdg;gLfpd;w fzdpg;gapw;rp> Mq;fpyf; fy;tp vd;w ,uz;ilAk; Nehf;fp jkJ gzpfis tpupTgLj;jpapUf;fpd;wd. epjp ngWk; Nehf;fj;Jf;fhf E}yfk; vd;w mikg;ig cUthf;fp mjd;%yk; ngw;Wf;nfhz;l E}y;fisNa mYkhupfspy; G+l;b itj;jpUf;Fk; rdr%f epiyaq;fisAk; ,q;F kwe;Jtpl KbahJ.
thrpfrhiy vd;gJ kpf Mokhd cl;nghUisf; nfhz;l xU nrhw;gjk; vd;gij czu;e;J nfhs;shkNyNa rdr%f epiyaq;fspy; ngUk;ghyhdit thrpfrhiy vd;w ngauhNyNa ,d;Wk; ,dq;fhzg;gLfpd;wd. thrpg;G kdpjidg; G+uz kdpjdhf;FfpwJ vd;w Gfo;kpf;f thrfj;jpd; cl;nghUs; vJNth me;j cl;nghUisj; jUtNj thrpfrhiyahFk;. Mdhy; eilKiwapy; ehk; fhZk; thrpfrhiyfs; XupU Gjpdg;gj;jpupiffis thrpf;Fk; ,lkhfNt ,d;Wk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. vt;tsTjhd; fy;tpawpT tPjj;jpy; cyfpd; tsu;e;j ehLfSf;F ,izahf vkJ r%fk; ,Ug;gpDk; vk;kpilNa thrpg;Gg; gof;fk; vd;gJ kpf kpff; FiwT. ,J vkJ vz;zq;fisf; FWf;fp vk;kpilNa ehd; vd;w czu;it NkNyhq;fr; nra;fpwJ. ,JNt r%f Nkk;ghl;bd; jilf;fy;yhfTk; mike;J tpLfpwJ. rdr%f epiya E}yfq;fspdhy; toq;fg;gLk; NritfspD}lhf  ~ehk;! vd;w czu;itj; Njhw;Wtpf;f KbAk;.

fdT nka;g;gl

vk;ktu; kj;jpapy; E}yfk; vd;gJ VNjh neUq;f Kbahj ,lk;> Nkjhtpfs; ngupa kdpju;fs; kl;LNk nry;yf;$ba ,lk; vd;w  czu;T cz;L. mNjNghy; E}yfk; nry;tJ Ntiy kpidf;NfL vd;W vz;Zgtu;fSk; vk;kpilNa cs;sdu;. E}yfj;jpw;F tpUkgpr; nry;gtu;fspd; mwpTj; Njliy mg;gbNa eRf;fptplf;$basTf;F rpy E}yfu;fspd; kdg;ghq;F ,Ug;gJ ,q;F Fwpg;gplg;glNtz;bajhFk;.

E}y;fs;> thrfu;> E}yfu; vd;w %d;W $WfSk; xd;Wld; xd;W ruptu ,izAk; NghNj E}yfk; xd;wpd; Nehf;fkhdJ epiwNtWfpwJ. ,jpy; E}yfu; vd;gtupd; gq;Nf gpujhd Cf;fpahf nrawgl Ntz;Lk;. E}yfj;jpdhy; toq;fg;glf;$ba Nritfis ,q;F fzprkhdsTf;F gl;baypl;Lf;nfhz;L Nghfyhk;. MdhYk; thrpg;Gg; gof;fj;ij r%f cWg;gpdu; midtupilNaAk; Vw;gLj;jNy vy;yhtw;wpYk; gpujhd gzpahFk;.,yhg Nehf;fk; cs;s epWtdk; xd;W jdJ thbf;ifahsiu ftUtjw;F vd;ndd;d eltbf;iffis Nkw;nfhs;s KbANkh mj;jid eltbf;iffisAk; E}yfu; vd;gtu; ,yhgk; vJTkw;w E}yf Nritapy; Nkw;nfhs;Stjd; %yNk r%f cWg;gpdupilNa thrpg;Gg; gof;fj;ij cUthf;f KbAk;. ftu;r;rpahd E}yff; fl;blNkh trjpahd E}yf jsghlq;fNsh> ngUe;njhifahd E}y;fNsh ,yFthd E}yf xOq;fikg;Ngh thrpg;Gg; gof;fkw;w r%fj;jpy; gad;ghlw;wJ. E}yfj;ij kf;fs; ehlhj xU r%fj;jpy; thrpg;Gg; gof;fj;ij cUthf;Ftjw;F E}yfNk kf;fis Nehf;fp efu Ntz;ba Njit cUthfpwJ. fisj;J tpOe;J Ntiyahy; tUk; FLk;gj; jiytd;> Foe;ijfs; FLk;gk; vd;W ehs; KOtJk; NghuhLk; FLk;gj; jiytp> Xa;T Neuj;ij gaDs;s tifapy; fopf;f tif njupahky; jpz;lhLk; KjpNahu;fis Nehf;fp E}yfNk efu Ntz;Lk;. XU jlit mtu;fSf;F E}Yzu;it Vw;gLj;Jtjpy; ntw;wpngwpd; gpd;du; jhkhfNt mtu;fs; E}yfj;ij gad;;gLj;jj; njhlq;fp tpLtu;. xU Fwpg;gpl;l kf;fs; njhFjpf;nfd Nritahw;Wk; rdr%fepiya E}yfq;fSf;F xt;nthU cWg;gpdupilNaAk; jdpg;gl;l njhlu;igg; NgZk; tha;g;G cz;L.

E}yf Nrit gw;wpg; Ngr;nrLj;jhNy Kjypy; tUtJ epjpg;gw;whf;Fiw vd;w mk;rk; jhd;. jkJ r%fj;ij jhk; Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;F r%f cWg;gpdu;fs; jk;kpy; jhd; jq;fpapUf;fNtz;LNkad;wp murhq;fj;ijay;y. r%f cWg;gpdupd; czu;GG+u;tkhd gq;Fgw;Wjypd;wp ve;j nthU r%f Nkk;ghLk; rhj;jpakpy;iy vd;gijNa r%f mgtpUj;jpf;F Nfhbf;fzf;fpy; nrytop;j;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; muNrh my;yJ cjtp jUk; epWtdq;fNsh fz;Ls;s mDgtG+u;tkhd cz;ik.

neUf;fbf;Fl;gLk; kdpju;fsplk; jhd; Nkk;ghL njhlu;ghd rpe;jid cUg;ngWtJ ,ay;G vd;gijNa tuyhW vkf;F vLj;Jf; fhl;bapUf;fpwJ. trjpahd #oy;fs; vg;NghJNk typikahd kdpju;fis tsu;j;njLg;gjpy;iy. murpay; #oNyh nghUshjhur; #oNyh vjw;FNk ,J nghUe;Jk;.

2 comments:

sri said...

அன்புடன் மதி,

உங்களுக்குப் பதில் அனுப்புவதற்கான வாய்ப்பு உடனடியாக எனக்குக் கிடைக்கவில்லை. ஊருக்குப் போன பின்னர் தான் அனைத்தும் ஒழுங்குக்கு வரும் போல் தெரிகின்றது. எனது எழுத்துக்கள் பயனுள்ளவை என்றால் அதற்குச் சிறிது நேரம் இன்னும் கூடுதலாக ஒதுக்கலாம். எனது கட்டுரையை மூன்று பாகமாகப் பிரித்துப் போட்டிருக்கின்றீர்கள். மிக்க நன்றி. வெகுவிரைவில் சஞ்சிகை வடிவில் எனது கருத்து}ணைப் பார்க்க விழைகின்றேன். ஏனெனில் கவிதை, கட்டுரை, சிறுகதை, நேர்காணல், இலக்கிய விமரிசனம் என்று வௌ;வேறு பக்கங்களில் நடப்பதற்கு காலம் என்னை நிர்ப்பந்தித்திருக்கின்றது. எனவே அவையவை அதற்குரிய இடத்தில் இருப்பது தான் பொருத்தமாக இருக்கும் வாசிப்பதற்கும் ஒரு து}ண்டலை ஏற்படுத்தும். எனவே உங்கள் வேலைகளுக்கு மத்தியில் என்னிலும் சிறிது கவனம் எடுப்பீர்களா?.

சிறி.

வசந்தன்(Vasanthan) said...

கட்டுரைக்கு நன்றி.
தொடர்ந்து எழுதுங்கள்.
மதிதான் பதிவைப் போடுகிறாவா?
போட்டபின் எழுத்துத் திருத்தங்களைக் கவனித்தால் நன்று.